Plagiarism as a form of academic dishonesty
What is plagiarism? Today it is necessary to recognize that plagiarism is a form of outsourcing, therefore it is necessary to counteract it the traditions and norms of academic culture, which are based on the positioning of the practice of author's branding, creative aggregation of content, the value of their own position, thought, idea, style. But at the same time, it must be understood that plagiarism is a very quick one-way road to its own goals and scientific achievements. That is, in the front, those who had experience of this kind of practice, therefore, only vertical integration and the production of powerful moral and value practices are the key to success in this process.
Plagiarism - the appropriation of authorship on someone else's work of science, literature, art or on someone else's discovery, an invention or an innovative proposition, as well as the use in their works of someone else's work without reference to the author.
In general, students and faculty of higher education believe that they have a sufficient degree of knowledge of what a plagiarism is. Only 3% of the students state that they do not know or rather do not know what plagiarism is, the vast majority (93%) of students admit that they are familiar or are more likely to be familiar with what is considered a plagiarism. Nevertheless, the situation is radically changing with regard to practices and the definition of plagiarism by concrete examples. The vast majority of students (more than 90%) use some form of plagiarism when writing works.
Academic plagiarism determines the disclosure (partially or completely) of the scientific results obtained by other persons as the results of their own research and / or reproduction of published texts of other authors without a corresponding reference.
Some universities approve their own "Provisions on preventing academic plagiarism."
Most of these acts to plagiarism also include:
- paraphrase parts of the text of other authors with a change in the order of words or imitation of the structure of their argument without reference to the source;
- publication of a work written by a third person on the order of a student or a teacher;
- writing of other students' writing;
- falsification (the framing of certain or other, for example, statistical indicators with further indication of them as their own work);
- replication (this is a process of copying data from one source to many others and vice versa, that is, a kind of "replication" of information without the author's permission);
- republication (repeat or multiple revelation in another source of someone else's information with a true signature of the author and a reference to the source);
- rewrite (adding to another's material without the author's permission additional information, processing previously published material and replacing words and expressions);
- compilation (stacking from several other's materials and editing without permission - semantic, stylistic, grammatical correction and reduction of someone else's material).
The University's Planning Prevention Provision provides for a procedure for checking students' work before they are protected, but often it is not entirely clear and uncoordinated.
The Ministry of Education certifies usually offering programs such as AntiPlagiarism, but none of them. Sometimes, teachers actually do this. Quite weakly mastered by both students and teachers, technical means to combat plagiarism. Teachers rarely use specialized programs, usually a verification method is Google's request or use of free services that have significant limitations. More technical equipment is demonstrated by students who use online plagiarism checker, but mostly not for self-testing for plagiarism, but for testing and modifying work in such a way that the teacher could not detect plagiarism in it.
On average, if the uniqueness is less than 40% or 50%, it is necessary to process it, but the permissible percentage is never documented, that is, at the discretion of the teacher.